fantasy book reviews science fiction book reviewsYA fantasy book reviews Kristin Cashore BitterblueBitterblue by Kristin Cashore

Bitterblue is the third book in Kristin Cashore’s series that began with Graceling and continued with Fire, both excellent novels (I gave them 5 stars and 4.5 stars respectively). Bitterblue is not quite as good, but the drop-off is slight, resulting in another strong read and a more than satisfying continuation.

Bitterblue picks up some years after Graceling. The murderous, tyrannical King Leck has been dead for years and now Bitterblue, as Queen of Monsea, is trying to put her kingdom back together. Her first step toward becoming a true queen, however, is when she leaves her castle refuge and steps out into the streets of her city to engage with real people. Soon, she’s finding things aren’t quite what she thought they were. Her attempts to find the truth and to fix what is broken take place in a world suddenly grim with conspiracy, madness, confusion, mistrust, and murder.

I gave Cashore a lot of credit in my review of Fire for not rushing out with an immediate sequel to the hit Graceling. Instead, she revisited the same world via a book set in a different time, a different land, and focused on different characters. She deserves a lot of similar credit for the core premise of Bitterblue. Though a more conventional sequel in that it returns us to familiar lands, times, and characters, she still takes some risks here. One is that while main characters from Graceling appear in Bitterblue (Katsa, Po, a few others), these appearances are really quite minor. Also, rather than picking up immediately afterward, we’ve jumped forward a good chunk of years.

But by far my favorite aspect of Bitterblue’s premise is that rather than give us an entirely new adventure, the adventure here is dealing with the consequences of the evil that’s been vanquished. The defeat of evil is a long process, and killing the bad guy is just the first — albeit necessary — step. It isn’t all “ding dong the dark lord’s dead” and let’s go back to a happy home (think “scouring of the Shire”). Bitterblue doesn’t get to jump on a horse and head off on another quest, she doesn’t get to be distracted by the rise of another dark lord, or the prior dark lord’s ticked-off minion, or the sudden arrival of some malevolent magical talisman. She has to deal with the tragic reality that evil doesn’t disappear with the evildoer. It ripples out through time and society and continues to warp and distort people’s lives long after the villain has been killed or deposed. And cleaning it up is a messy, ugly, and yes, “bitter” business. It’s a concept too few fantasy authors explore, so props to Cashore for doing so and doing it so well.

The “evil,” by the way, is pretty dark and grim, and Cashore does not shy away from describing it, especially toward the end. There are some seriously disturbing images and concepts in this book and for that reason, I don’t advise it for the lower end of YA readers.

The process of trying to recover from Leck’s evil is even more confusing because Leck’s power was mind-control and because he was such a control freak — leaving no records behind, burning or rewriting histories, disappearing hundreds (if not more) people. How does one determine “truth” in a world where people cannot even trust their memories? If they even have memories. How does one apportion “blame” or “guilt” in a world where people could be made to do something against their will? How does one make “reparations” for a lost son or daughter, spouse or parent? For a generation of forced ignorance? These are tough, complicated questions and they don’t leave one confident that there are going to be a lot of clear-cut answers to them.

The questions are complicated further by events outside Bitterblue’s kingdom, where tyrannical kings are being deposed, or threatened with being deposed, by groups of nobles or even, gasp, the people themselves (both with some help from Bitterblue’s disruptive friends — Katsa, Po, and the rest of the “Council”). Bitterblue wants to fix her kingdom, but should it even be “hers”? Should it even be a “kingdom”? More credit is due to Cashore for basing her book on such sophisticated, serious questions.

Many of these questions, it should be pointed out, have their real world analogs. It is not solely the realm of “fantasy” where leaders and governments have mass murdered and “disappeared” their own people, have rewritten their histories, have destroyed traditions and whole cultures. It is not solely in the realm of “fantasy” that countries have rid themselves of such leaders only to struggle with the legacy of what is left behind: how to deal with those involved, how to deal with guilt and punishment (“truth committees”), how to find out what happened to the disappeared.

Along with its underlying themes, another major strength of Bitterblue is, well, Bitterblue. This is, as is often the case in YA, a coming-of-age story. Bitterblue must come into her place as queen but also as a young woman. Cashore does an excellent job of being patient with this process, showing it in all its glacial movement forward, with all its one step forward, two steps back sense of “progress.” The romantic angle, a typical element of YA, is predictable but handled in unpredictable fashion to some extent, is handled in a more sophisticated manner than usual, and thankfully takes a back seat to the non-romantic aspects of Bitterblue’s growth.

The plot, as one might expect in a story about mind control, loss of memory, and conspiracy atop conspiracy is a bit convoluted, perhaps overly so at times, though I had no complaints in that regard. It doesn’t have a strong or sharply-edged sense of narrative motion, but I think that is quite purposeful and also quite appropriate. Things circle around, drop into dead ends; there’s a sense of illogic or randomness throughout. There is a mystery (several actually) at the heart of Bitterblue, but I don’t think one should expect to read it like a usual mystery, looking for cause and effect, looking to track one clue to the next to the logical conclusion. I’d love to say more about this, because I actually think it’s a subtle strength of the novel, but to do so I fear might give too much away.

Despite the sense that a sort of fog hangs over the plot, it moves along smoothly and quickly. I finished the book, roughly 550 pages in my ARC version, in two quite enthralled sittings, never feeling it lagged. Sure, if I pored over it I could have probably edited it down, but it didn’t feel like it needed it, as so many books do. It was a 500+ page book that read like a 300+ page book. (My wife, who grabbed my copy before I even did, thanks to my being in the middle of another book, found it equally captivating and read in a handful of sittings, staying up well past her bedtime to keep reading.)

The few complaints I have are relatively minor compared to the book’s strengths. Many of the side characters, and even some semi-major ones, were a bit flat or overly familiar. A few of the plot points were familiar as well, such as the prince/princess disguising themselves to head out into the city scene, though this was a less frequent problem. Characters were a bit too obtuse at some points, especially with regard to one particular individual/plot point (some characters have an excuse for being obtuse; that’s not what I’m referring to here). The prose is pretty effortless and engaging throughout, but I can’t say I was ever wowed by the language (not that such a thing happens often, so as I said, a minor complaint). As with the other books, the world-building is thin. Cashore has some strong descriptive passages in the book — art, for instance, plays a pretty big role and she does a nice job conveying sculptures, wall hangings, and the like — but the actual world never felt fully present or concrete to me: the city, the people in the city, the kingdom, the larger world beyond the kingdom. Finally, the more direct connections to the prior books at time felt a bit tacked on or clumsily integrated, or maybe just a bit rushed.

I thoroughly enjoyed Bitterblue from the beginning, but the novel really finds its power in the final 100 pages. From here, the novel packs an emotional and philosophical wallop. I’d say the first 450 pages is well deserving of a four-star rating, but I’d give its final 100 five. It leaves you satisfied, moved, disturbed, and uncomfortable. That’s my kind of book.

~Bill Capossere

YA fantasy book reviews Kristin Cashore BitterblueThe truth of the lives of my people is never in the papers that cross my desk… 

Back in 2008 I read and thoroughly enjoyed Kristin Cashore’s Graceling, particularly for its protagonist Katsa and her struggle to find agency and freedom in a world that seemed determined to deny her both things. It’s quite a common trait in fantasy fiction for authors to believe that they’ve written a “strong female character” by giving her a sword and an attitude problem — but Cashore really seemed to understand what readers want in a heroine: real strengths, real flaws, real character development, and a growing sense of assurance in herself. As such, I ranked Cashore alongside Tamora Pierce and Garth Nix in delivering truly worthwhile female protagonists to a YA readership.

Admittedly, I never got around to reading Fire in 2011, but I was first in line for Bitterblue, knowing that the potential for a riveting follow-up to Katsa’s story was evident from the threads left over from Cashore’s first book. An important but relatively minor character in Graceling was the young Princess Bitterblue, the daughter of a murdered queen and a psychopathic king. Here she takes centre-stage as the young Queen Bitterblue of Monsea, struggling to pull her kingdom back from the brink of collapse after her father’s thirty-five year reign of terror.

So far she’s been doing well; with a team of advisors she’s spent the last eight years embroiled in a “forward-thinking” program, designed to heal the country from the memory of King Leck’s mind-manipulating abilities. Yet in the attempt to eradicate Leck’s legacy, many of his darker activities are in danger of remaining forever shrouded in mystery.

Feeling stifled by secrets and paperwork, Bitterblue takes it upon herself to sneak out into the city at night, finding that the lives of the people are very different from what she’s been lead to believe. Falling into company with two young thieves called Saf and Teddy, Bitterblue strikes up a friendship that opens her eyes to the true nature of the “forward thinking” ideology: that it involves a steadfast denial of past atrocities and the refusal to remunerate the people’s losses. Those who are unwilling to let the past die so easily are known as “truthseekers,” and yet it is these people who are systematically being hunted down and killed by unknown assailants who fear… what exactly?

It becomes increasingly clear to Bitterblue that the only way to heal properly is to revisit the past — but there are those who are just as determined to prevent her from uncovering the truth about her father’s horrific cruelty.

The real joy of Bitterblue is in its unique story. Unlike Graceling, which in many ways was a straightforward adventure, Bitterblue’s tale unfolds more like a mystery, with plenty of court intrigue and unexplained oddities strewn throughout. As puzzles and clues stack up over the course of the story, Cashore manages to construct a rather unsettling atmosphere of mistrust and disconcertment. As she tries to untangle the lives around her, Bitterblue ends up wondering who she can really trust and whether or not she herself is on the verge of madness. A situation like this inevitably puts the reader on edge, for Bitterblue’s goal is not to find a treasure or make a wonderful discovery, but to uncover something that even she is not sure she wants to expose.

It’s not a case of “something is rotten in the state of Denmark,” but rather “something is broken in the kingdom of Monsea,” and Cashore has a pertinent statement to make about the nature of abusive relationships. Here the abuse happens on a nation-wide scale, in which hundreds of people were controlled, tortured and killed by a single man with the devastating gift of mind-control, but still the message is the same: that the victim’s pain does not go away when the perpetrator does. The scars remain, a great deal of healing is required, and there is no “right way” to deal with it. Many other fantasy novels would end with the defeat of the evil king — but Bitterblue’s story begins with Leck’s death, for her task is to try to recover from the long shadow that he left behind.

As such, there are several key ideas that Cashore scatters throughout the book: themes of lying, done for necessity, convenience or pleasure, and the act of touching and being touched, whether it be self-inflicted cuts or gentler acts such as kissing or having one’s hair brushed. Secrets abound, thus explaining the recurring motifs of cyphers and keys (even on the cover art), as well as the search for truth amongst the relatively harmless embellishment of storytelling to the horrific mind-rape that Leck inflicted on his people. Cashore shows a deft hand in linking these themes together in her exploration of the after-effects of abuse, and having thrown several subplots into the air, manages to juggle them all without ever losing sight of her main story.

If there is one flaw, it’s in Cashore’s world-building. I’ve long held to the principle that every novel needs three basic components working together to create a good read: story, character and world. This is especially true of fantasy fiction, for the author usually has to present a setting that is entirely fictional, and thus must work extra hard to sustain. Despite the wonderfully vivid characters and the complex story, the realm of Monsea never felt that real to me, and I couldn’t get a fix on the feel of the place. At best, I’d describe it as a generic medieval kingdom, and so I knock off half a star for its lack of depth.

As mentioned, I had not read Fire before Bitterblue, but it made little difference to the reading experience until the very end — perhaps I would have found the arrival of a particular character more appreciable had I known their history (no doubt chronicled in Fire). That said, I’d recommend not reading Bitterblue before Graceling. Not only will the inclusion of characters such as Katsa and Po have little impact for those who are unfamiliar with them, but the concept of the Gracelings is assumed to already be known to the reader.

And just for fun, the book is decorated throughout with beautiful woodprints by Ian Schoenherr (who also illustrated Philip Pullman’s Lyra’s Oxford and Once Upon a Time in the North) as well as a glossary as written by the rather disgruntled librarian featured in the story itself (who considers himself far too busy to be attending to such matters). Both are nice ways to keep track of the various components in this ever-expanding world.

~Rebecca Fisher

Seven Kingdoms — (2008-2012) Young adult. Fire is a prequel. Ms Cashore is currently writing a sequel. Publisher: Katsa has been able to kill a man with her bare hands since she was eight — she’s a Graceling, one of the rare people in her land born with an extreme skill. As niece of the king, she should be able to live a life of privilege, but Graced as she is with killing, she is forced to work as the king’s thug. When she first meets Prince Po, Graced with combat skills, Katsa has no hint of how her life is about to change. She never expects to become Po’s friend. She never expects to learn a new truth about her own Grace — or about a terrible secret that lies hidden far away… a secret that could destroy all seven kingdoms with words alone. With elegant, evocative prose and a cast of unforgettable characters, debut author Kristin Cashore creates a mesmerizing world, a death-defying adventure, and a heart-racing romance that will consume you, hold you captive, and leave you wanting more.


  • Bill Capossere

    BILL CAPOSSERE, who's been with us since June 2007, lives in Rochester NY, where he is an English adjunct by day and a writer by night. His essays and stories have appeared in Colorado Review, Rosebud, Alaska Quarterly, and other literary journals, along with a few anthologies, and been recognized in the "Notable Essays" section of Best American Essays. His children's work has appeared in several magazines, while his plays have been given stage readings at GEVA Theatre and Bristol Valley Playhouse. When he's not writing, reading, reviewing, or teaching, he can usually be found with his wife and son on the frisbee golf course or the ultimate frisbee field.

  • Rebecca Fisher

    REBECCA FISHER, with us since January 2008, earned a Masters degree in literature at the University of Canterbury in New Zealand. Her thesis included a comparison of how C.S. Lewis and Philip Pullman each use the idea of mankind’s Fall from Grace to structure the worldviews presented in their fantasy series. Rebecca is a firm believer that fantasy books written for children can be just as meaningful, well-written and enjoyable as those for adults, and in some cases, even more so. Rebecca lives in New Zealand. She is the winner of the 2015 Sir Julius Vogel Award for Best SFF Fan Writer.