fantasy book reviews science fiction book reviewsA Darkling Sea by James L. Cambias science fiction book reviewsA Darkling Sea by James L. Cambias

Ever since I was a kid stealing my dad’s sci-fi books the moment he laid them down for a minute (silly, silly man), I’ve loved First Contact stories and still fondly remember reading Murray Leinster’s classic, entitled, shockingly, “First Contact.” So when I was offered a chance to read A Darkling Sea by James L. Cambias, which is at its heart a first contact story, I jumped. And I’m glad I did, as it turned out to be a mostly well-executed story with a fully realized alien race and a compelling story line.

A Darkling Sea is set on Ilmatar, a large moon that (perhaps like our own Europa) has a liquid ocean deep beneath its fully frozen landscape. The ocean is home to an intelligent species called Ilmatarans, who are sort of like large lobsters (multi-legged, hard shells, pincer claws). They live in small, highly structured communities clustered around deep sea vents and communicate via sound and taste — living in the dark ocean they have no eyes or visual sense. A small group of Earth scientists have been observing the Ilmatarans from a distance, living in a specialized habitat and using cameras and drones to collect data. A third species, the Sholen, are also involved. The Sholen are older, slightly more technologically advanced than Earth, live by a very strict “consensus” mode of governance, and interact/communicate amongst themselves via shifting hierarchical dominant/submissive relationships involving sexual bonding and hormones. Having several times in their past devastated their own planet, the Sholen have turned toward being a “small footprint” kind of race and see themselves as a sort of older brother or stern parent who needs to keep the upstart and immature humans in check for their own good and the good of the larger universe. They have thus agreed to the human science base on Ilmatar, but have required a strict no-contact policy.

That policy is shattered early in the book when one of the human scientists gets a little too close to a group of Ilmatarans. Unfortunately for him, they are scientists as well who have gone on a jaunt looking for unusual specimens. Having found one, they do what they usually do in this case: capture and dissect it (having no idea of course that it is an intelligent creature). In response, Sholen immediately send down an investigating team to determine if the humans, who are already chafing under the Sholen’s restrictions, will be allowed to stay or be removed from the moon.

The complexity of this situation is one of the book’s strengths, as each of the three species, rather than being presented in monolithic terms, have factions within their societies that make resolution more difficult. The leader of the Sholen investigation, a scientist himself, while somewhat sympathetic toward the human side of things, also has to deal with a strong political group pushing a no-contamination/strong intervention (as in the Sholen dictate to humanity) policy. The Ilmatarans (who for the vast majority of the novel are wholly unaware of the other two species) have bandits and exiles to worry about. And the humans argue over the best response to the Sholen presence: cooperation, passive refusal, or active (i.e. violent) resistance.

Also preventing quick resolution to the problem is the built-in problem of misunderstanding. Time and again a character of one species will perform a certain action under the assumption that the other species will react accordingly, but due to an inability to fully understand how the other species thinks, more often than not this leads to an escalation of the problem rather than solving it. One can see where this is going early on when the leader of the Sholen, Gishora, tells his second Tizhos, “The Terrans have an obsession with rules and pride themselves on behaving rationally . . . I worry least about them. They seem entirely predictable.” Yeah, that’ll work.

What I really liked about this aspect was both the subtlety of its workings, but also how it lends a sense of tragedy to the whole situation. Again and again the crisis is exacerbated, eventually leading to violence and death, even as everyone is trying to do the right thing and would much rather be doing something else. Gishora, for instance, spends more time collecting data rather than policing Earthlings, and Tizhos is fascinated by the work the humans have done in studying the Ilmatarans. Rob, a human technician, is much more interested in having sex with his girlfriend Alicia, who herself is far more interested in continuing her studies of the Ilmatarans. And Broadtail, one of our two Ilmataran POV characters, would rather dig for relics in the millennia-old ruins he studies than deal with bandits, and later wants nothing more than to learn more about these strange soft-bodied strangers who have shown him there is an entire universe above the ice that his people had thought marked the end of the world.

That world of the Ilmatarans is vividly portrayed, from the details of their society (landowners, scientific organizations, education) to the science behind their food and energy. The sections of the book told from Broadtail’s point of view were my favorites in the novel. The Sholen are not quite as fully real as the Ilmatarans, but their system of bonding and leading was interesting, and I liked the way their past drives them towards this uber-leave-no-trace mentality, a mentality that as Tizhos bemoans, led her species to stop growing, to retreat from space and innovation, and meant many of them instead “prefer to spend all their time blowing glass and planting gardens in little woodland villages.” It’s an interesting portrayal, as the Sholen enforcement of their version of the Prime Directive is presented mostly in an unfavorable light throughout, but there’s no doubt that the human contact has some potentially tragic repercussions, as the Ilmatarans get roped into the conflict between the two others, something with its Earthly historical precedent as several characters make clear with references to T.E. Lawrence.

This latter part is a bit muddy (perhaps intentionally so), though I was a bit surprised how the Lawrence concept seems to disappear and also a little skeptical of just how quickly communication with the Ilmatarans occurs and how fully they take the sides of the aliens. And I’d be lying if I didn’t say that I had some discomfort with the humans bringing the Ilmatarans in. The ending felt somewhat rushed and in some ways wrapped up a bit too neatly. In other ways, though, there’s an enjoyable lack of resolution. It isn’t really clear where the Sholen-Earth relationship goes from here — will they retreat from violence and come to some negotiated relationship? Or will this small-bore interaction involving a few dozen people on an isolated moon spark an interstellar war? And Cambias gives us a strong closing line that opens things up rather than closing them down.

The prose is smoothly clear, vivid in many places, and goes down easily, adding to the quick paced nature of the novel. The point of view characters, particularly Rob (a typical Joe or Everyman type of character) and Broadtail (intensely curious) are engaging and likable. That, combined with a plot that ratchets up the tension nicely throughout, a vivid new alien species and setting, and a complex premise, makes A Darkling Sea a winner.

~Bill Capossere

A Darkling Sea by James L. Cambias science fiction book reviewsA Darkling Sea is a fast-paced adventure set in a challenging environment. Part cat-and-mouse war-game, part first contact story, James L. Cambias’ first novel is an engrossing read.

The planet Ilmatar is sheathed in ice. Under the kilometer-thick ice crust is a cold ocean, and a group of Terran human scientists are studying it from within an undersea habitat. Ilmatar has at least one intelligent, sentient ocean-dwelling species, and the humans are under strict orders from another non-human race, the Sholen (who act as self-appointed den-mothers for everyone) not to engage with the locals. When two of the humans disregard this rule, one of them is killed by the locals. This prompts the Sholen to try to shut down the project, and the human scientists disagree. Soon things have spiraled out of control.

Cambias’ style and the structure of A Darkling Sea reminded me of a couple of the books in John Scalzi’s OLD MAN’S WAR series. Cambias shifts point of view, with viewpoint characters among all three species. The tone of the books echoes Scalzi in some ways: readable, accessible prose, with human characters who are, for the most part “regular guys” (regardless of their gender); they aren’t overly complex or conflicted, even when we discover just how many of them have been keeping secrets.

Everyone is intelligent and articulate, so that complex strategic conversations can be held without anyone having to struggle to keep up. Even though the scientists come from different parts of earth and different disciplines, they all conveniently share the same cultural references, so that when T. E. Lawrence is brought up, nobody has to ask, “Who’s that?”

I thought some of the non-human characters were stereotypes. While the Ilmatarans were well-drawn, I was disappointed by all of the Sholen. The biggest disappointment was Irona, the “do-as-we-say” Sholen. Apparently Sholen villains do not chortle “bwhahahaha,” but it sure seemed like Irona wanted to. Cambias sets up a complex political situation here, then carefully slants his story so that, really, the resolutions come a little too easily. Even at the beginning, the human who is killed is an unlikeable ass, so as a reader I didn’t really feel a sense of shock and grief at his demise. Since I knew some of the political secrets the Sholen were keeping, my sympathies were immediately planted right where Cambias wanted them.

The lobster-like Ilmatarans, though, made A Darkling Sea for me. They were a fascinating species with an interesting culture and several great characters. It would be hard not to like Broadtail, for instance. I enjoyed the way Cambias depicted a communication and information-gathering system based on touch, sound and taste, since nothing that lives at the bottom of the Ilmataran ocean has sight organs. The Ilmatarans are real people with customs, laws and problems. They have bandits, teachers, scientists and scholars, and scientific curiosity is what seals the fate of the arrogant human who approaches them.

I thought the speed and ease with which Broadtail and Rob, one of the human explorers, learned to communicate with each other was implausible, and the ending felt very rushed. I question the ethical issues of the humans’ choice to involve the Ilmatarans in the conflict, and generally, things resolve a bit too neatly.

Still, A Darkling Sea is an enjoyable read and an intriguing take on non-human life. Cambias put a lot of thought into the lives of the Ilmatarans, and they are the most interesting part of the book. It’s thought-provoking to watch the humans struggle with a hostile environment. The book is carefully left with a question at the end.

Despite my issues, I can easily recommend The Darkling Sea for anyone looking for a book that is enjoyable but raises some thoughtful questions.

~Marion Deeds

Publication Date: January 28, 2014. On the planet Ilmatar, under a roof of ice a kilometer thick, a team of deep-sea diving scientists investigates the blind alien race that lives below. The Terran explorers have made an uneasy truce with the Sholen, their first extraterrestrial contact: so long as they don’t disturb the Ilmataran habitat, they’re free to conduct their missions in peace. But when Henri Kerlerec, media personality and reckless adventurer, ends up sliced open by curious Ilmatarans, tensions between Terran and Sholen erupt, leading to a diplomatic disaster that threatens to escalate to war. Against the backdrop of deep-sea guerrilla conflict, a new age of human exploration begins as alien cultures collide. Both sides seek the aid of the newly enlightened Ilmatarans. But what this struggle means for the natives–and the future of human exploration–is anything but certain, in A Darkling Sea by James Cambias.


  • Bill Capossere

    BILL CAPOSSERE, who's been with us since June 2007, lives in Rochester NY, where he is an English adjunct by day and a writer by night. His essays and stories have appeared in Colorado Review, Rosebud, Alaska Quarterly, and other literary journals, along with a few anthologies, and been recognized in the "Notable Essays" section of Best American Essays. His children's work has appeared in several magazines, while his plays have been given stage readings at GEVA Theatre and Bristol Valley Playhouse. When he's not writing, reading, reviewing, or teaching, he can usually be found with his wife and son on the frisbee golf course or the ultimate frisbee field.

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  • Marion Deeds

    Marion Deeds, with us since March, 2011, is the author of the fantasy novella ALUMINUM LEAVES. Her short fiction has appeared in the anthologies BEYOND THE STARS, THE WAND THAT ROCKS THE CRADLE, STRANGE CALIFORNIA, and in Podcastle, The Noyo River Review, Daily Science Fiction and Flash Fiction Online. She’s retired from 35 years in county government, and spends some of her free time volunteering at a second-hand bookstore in her home town.

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