fantasy book reviews science fiction book reviewsAll Those Vanished Engines by Paul ParkAll Those Vanished Engines by Paul Park

I’m not a big reader of avant-garde fiction. In fact, I’m SO not a big reader of it that I’m not even sure if I’m applying the term correctly to Paul Park‘s recent novel All Those Vanished Engines. I’m probably not. But the thing is, I’m not sure what term to apply to it: meta-fiction? Experimental fiction? Alternate history with several unreliable narrators who may or may not be Paul Park himself?

All Those Vanished Engines is a novel told in three parts. The first part is about a child, Paulina, who lives in Virginia after the Civil War in an alternate history in which the States aren’t so United anymore. The conflict continues, with the Queen of the North brokering an uneasy truce with the South. Paulina, forbidden to read, has begun to write a story about a boy named Matthew who lives in the future. Her story, called “The Bracelet,” is told in italics and features phonetic spelling. The only thing is, her character Matthew begins to tell a story of his own, about a girl named Paulina from the past. Details of the two worlds begin to bleed into each other — a woman with a mole on her nose, a bracelet, a battle — until it is unclear which is the story and which is the story within a story.

The second part is told from Park’s perspective and features interviews with nursing home residents. The first one, an engineer, talks about intensely powerful engines of sound that he helped to create, and the giant flowers that sprang from the run-off, so large they couldn’t be pollinated by normal insects. “Snapdragons as big as a man’s fist… blossoms that used to pop when they opened… one night I saw a moth with a ten-inch wingspan.” At some point the narrator leaves him, and meets a girl. She rambles on and on about his dead mother. “Your mother — we thought she was so very strange, with those sandals, and long skirts, and her endless array of handmade necklaces from — you know — Afghanistan or Pakistan…” The narrator’s attention wanders as he watches a plane flying overhead. At this point I wondered, “Well, if he’s not even listening to her, why do I have to?”

I didn’t make it to the third part.

Park certainly knows what he’s doing in All Those Vanished Engines. The novel’s lack of meaning was not an accident. At one point, Paulina describes watching men tear apart a termite-infested beam, asking “Where was the queen in all that whirling debris?” Park wants us to contemplate the termite nest that is his novel in all its glorious twisting reflexivity. In the second part, the blind engineer describes layering sound upon sound in an explosive chaos of noise, and the Park-narrator character asks, “Could you make stories, text, actual words, the way the blind engineer had manufactured sound?” This novel is Park’s attempt to do so and, like a good red wine, it is bold and complex.

I think my problem with All Those Vanished Engines was that there was no center of gravity. I wanted to like it, but everything was oblique and shifting — character, perspective, plot, topic — and I couldn’t find anything to latch onto. It reminded me at times of Woolf‘s The Waves, of Calvino’s If On A Winter’s Night A Traveler, and of VanderMeer‘s Authority. But the difference is that, while each of those books is experimental in one way, they are not experimental in all aspects. Woolf plays with shifting perspective and stream-of-consciousness writing, but the topics she covers are mundane details of average people’s lives — their relationships with schoolmates and lovers, their careers and families. Calvino goes meta, a book within a book within a book ad infinitum, but each of the mini narratives is told from a single perspective and the overarching narrative follows a discernible (if intentionally ridiculous) plot. VanderMeer uses relatively straightforward narrative techniques to reveal and conceal his topic, a horrific mystery that always eludes us, that can’t be defined. 

I felt like, with All Those Vanished Engines, Park was trying to use all of these techniques, and it ended up being too much noise.

Publication Date: July 1, 2014. In All Those Vanished Engines, Paul Park returns to science fiction after a decade spent on the impressive four-volume A Princess of Roumania fantasy, with an extraordinary, intense, compressed SF novel in three parts, each set in its own alternate-history universe. The sections are all rooted in Virginia and the Battle of the Crater, and are also grounded in the real history of the Park family, from differing points of view. They are all gorgeously imaginative and carefully constructed, and reverberate richly with one another. The first section is set in the aftermath of the Civil War, in a world in which the Queen of the North has negotiated a two-nation settlement. The second, taking place in northwestern Massachusetts, investigates a secret project during World War II, in a time somewhat like the present. The third is set in the near-future United States, with aliens from history. The cumulative effect is awesome. There hasn’t been a three part novel this ambitious in science fiction since Gene Wolfe’s classic The Fifth Head of Cerberus.


  • Kate Lechler

    KATE LECHLER, on our staff from May 2014 to January 2017, resides in Oxford, MS, where she divides her time between teaching early British literature at the University of Mississippi, writing fiction, and throwing the tennis ball for her insatiable terrier, Sam. She loves speculative fiction because of what it tells us about our past, present, and future. She particularly enjoys re-imagined fairy tales and myths, fabulism, magical realism, urban fantasy, and the New Weird. Just as in real life, she has no time for melodramatic protagonists with no sense of humor. The movie she quotes most often is Jurassic Park, and the TV show she obsessively re-watches (much to the chagrin of her husband) is Buffy the Vampire Slayer.

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